Appendix: Traditional Industrial Bioprocesses
Enzymes and microbial cells are used for production of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, foods, flavors, fragrances, and vitamins and for waste treatment. Each of these bioprocesses has unique characteristics in terms of the processing and separation technologies involved. Having covered the basics of bioprocess engineering, this appendix presents some examples of industrial bioprocesses and technologies used for production of various chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Waste-treatment aspects of bioprocess engineering are covered in Chapter 16, “Bioprocesses Utilizing Mixed Cultures.”
A.1. Anaerobic Bioprocesses
Many bulk chemicals have been made industrially by anaerobic processes for a hundred years or more ...