Electrochemical biosensors for medical applications
A.J. Veloso, X.R. Cheng and K. Kerman, University of Toronto Scarborough, Canada
Since the conception of the glucose biosensor, electrochemical detection platforms have played a significant role towards the advancement of commercial point-of-care diagnostic systems due to their capacity for highly sensitive, real-time analysis incorporating portable and simple to operate designs. Further improvements with regard to biomolecule immobilization, stability, enhancement of electrical properties and signal transduction strategies stem from continued innovations in nanomaterials, particularly in the fields of carbon nanotubes, gold nanoparticles and hybrid materials. In this chapter, ...