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BACKGROUND TO THE SIGNING OF THE CONVENTION ON BIODIVERSITY

ADVANTAGES OF AND NEED FOR BIODIVERSITY

We have, in the previous chapter, considered the earlier international agreements for the preservation of habitats and terrestrial species. The principal proximate causes of biodiversity loss are: (a) direct exploitation; (b) habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation; (c) the effects of introduced species; and (d) extinction cascades.

Biodiversity loss, as epitomized by species extinctions, has been taking place as a consequence of human activities for a long time, initially as a result of colonization by the western powers of some areas of the world—especially of the indigenous people.There have been hundreds of extinctions of plant and animal ...

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