Now that we have the normal map set, we will improve our alien with another map called an ambient occlusion.
An ambient occlusion is a black and white texture that represents the contact shadows of a mesh. The contact shadows are the shadows produced by the small proximity of objects. In order to have a nice ambient occlusion, we need to increase a sampling parameter that corresponds to the "noisiness" of the shadows. The more samples you have, the smoother the shadows will be. This map will then be multiplied on top of our diffuse material color.
In computer graphics, black is represented by a value of
0 and white by a value of
1. So, when we multiply ...