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Build Your Own Security Lab: A Field Guide for Network Testing by Michael Gregg

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Chapter 1. Hardware And Gear

This book is designed for those who need to better understand the functionality of security tools. Its objective is to help you learn when and how specific tools can help you secure your network.

You may be wondering what security is. Security typically is defined by three core concepts: confidentiality, integrity, and availability. There is also the question as to how much security is enough. Some might say that you can never have enough security, yet in reality it is about balancing the value of the asset and the cost of protection. One thing that is agreed upon about security is the value of defense in depth. Simply stated, security controls should be built in layers. For example, renaming the administrator account is a good idea, but so too is restricting access to the account, as well as adding complex passwords and performing periodic audits of the log files.

Because no two networks are the same, and because they change over time, it is impossible to come up with a one-size-fits-all list of hardware and software that will do the job for you. Networks serve the enterprise that owns them. The enterprise necessarily changes over time, too. In addition, the scale of operation impacts security considerations. If you pursue a career as a security consultant, your goals (and inevitably your needs) will differ if you decide to work for a large multinational corporation (and even differ depending on the type of industry) or if your interests lie primarily ...

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