It is my sincere hope that after reading the case studies and examples of business spying covered in the previous chapters, you now have a better understanding of business espionage threats, vulnerabilities, business impacts, and, hence, the business-espionage-related risks present in the twenty-first century. I believe that the recommended countermeasures can help you deal with the threats and to reduce any identified vulnerabilities.

It should also be clear that in some places in the world there are increased levels of business spying happening, but it should also be clear that business espionage can and does occur almost everywhere. I provided my “dirty dozen” high-threat countries for business spying as a starting point, but ...

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