The description of the flowchart is as follows:

  1. Step 1: Gather relevant factual information.

  2. Step 2: Analyze the facts to determine most appropriate moral values.

  3. Step 3: Make an ethical decision.

Step 1 requires the gathering of all the facts concerning the act or policy. It incorporates four ethical norms to determine if the act or policy is acceptable.

  • Utility: Does a particular act optimize the benefits to those who are affected by it?

  • Rights: Does it respect the rights of all individuals involved?

  • Justice: Is it consistent with what's fair?

  • Caring: Is it consistent with people's responsibilities to each other?

If the answer to all criteria is “No,” the act or policy is not ethical.

If the answer to all criteria is “Yes,” the act or policy ...

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