Nations in the European Union are: the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Denmark, Germany, Turkey, Poland, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Portugal, Spain, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Slovenia, and Malta. The United Kingdom voted in 2016 to withdraw from the European Union. The process formally began in March 2017 and is expected to be completed by April 2019.

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