Special Issues in Leadership

  1. Objective 9-5 Identify and discuss leadership substitutes and neutralizers.

Another interesting perspective on leadership focuses on alternatives to leadership. In some cases, certain factors may actually substitute for leadership, making actual leadership unnecessary or irrelevant. In other cases, factors may exist that neutralize or negate the influence of a leader even when that individual is attempting to exercise leadership.

Leadership Substitutes

Leadership substitutes are individual, task, and organizational characteristics that tend to outweigh the need for a leader to initiate or direct employee performance. In other words, if certain factors are present, the employee will perform his or her job capably, ...

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