While studying and evaluating the process of ethical decision making, it is appropriate, and to a great extent even necessary, to understand the concept of cognitive moral development as enunciated by psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg.27 His six-stage model of cognitive development explains why people make different decisions in similar ethical situations. According to him, they do so because they are in one of the six easily identifiable moral development stages, which grow from a lower level to the higher level as people’s knowledge and socialization continue to develop over time. Though Kohlberg’s model is not directly related to the business context, it explains how people make decisions based ...

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