After studying this chapter, the student will be able to understand:

Understand the meaning of matrix

Know different types of matrices

Know basic algebra of matrices

Use matrix to solve simultaneous linear equations

In order to represent large amount of data into a shorter form matrix is used. Matrix is an arrangement of elements into rows and columns enclosed within [], {} or (). Suppose *mn* elements are to be arranged into *m* rows and *n* columns then the general of matrix is as under.

Each matrix is uniquely identified by its order, which indicates the total number of rows and total ...

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