CHAPTER 1

Due Diligence: Scrutiny of Labor Law of Target Countries (Germany and Italy) in Relation to U.S. Labor Laws

Distinction in Terms: Labor Law and Employment Law

The U.S. term “labor and employment law” does not translate easily because of differences in language and usage between the United States and the multilingual European Union (EU). In the United States, there is a distinction between “labor law,” which relates to unionized workers and collective bargaining and “employment law,” which relates to equal employment issues and to employment issues of nonunionized workers. This distinction does not exist in EU countries. Generally speaking, the European term “labor law” covers all laws relating to employment.

Distinctions in Legal Regulations ...

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