Chapter 2. Showing Some Class
In This Chapter
Introducing the C# class
Storing data in an object
Assigning and using object references
Examining classes that contain classes
Identifying static and instance class members
Using constants in C#
You can freely declare and use all the intrinsic data types — such as
int, double, and
bool — to store the information necessary to make your program the best it can be. For some programs, these simple variables are enough. However, most programs need a way to bundle related data into a neat package.
As shown in Book I, C# provides arrays and other collections for gathering into one structure groups of like-typed variables, such as
ints. A hypothetical college, for example, might track its students by using an array. But a student is much more than just a name — how should this type of program represent a student?
Some programs need to bundle pieces of data that logically belong together but aren't of the same type. A college enrollment application handles students, each with her own name, rank (grade-point average), and serial number. Logically, the student's name may be a
string; the grade-point average, a
double; and the serial number, a
long. That type of program needs a way to bundle these three different types of variables into a single structure named
Student. Fortunately, C# provides a structure known as the class for accommodating groupings of unlike-typed variables.
Defining a Class and an Object
A class is a bundling of unlike data ...