Most applications need to deal with more than one thing happening at a time (concurrency). In this chapter, we start with the essential prerequisites, namely the basics of threading and tasks, and then describe the principles of asynchrony and C# 5.0’s asynchronous functions in detail.
The most common concurrency scenarios are:
In WPF, Metro, and Windows Forms applications, you must run time-consuming tasks concurrently with the code that runs your user interface to maintain responsiveness.
On a server, client requests can arrive concurrently and so must be handled in parallel to maintain scalability. If you use ASP.NET, WCF, or Web Services, the .NET Framework does this for you automatically. However, you still need to be aware of shared state (for instance, the effect of using static variables for caching.)
Code that performs intensive calculations can execute faster on multicore/multiprocessor computers if the workload is divided between cores (Chapter 23 is dedicated to this).
On multicore machines, you can sometimes improve performance by predicting something that might need to be done, and then doing it ahead of time. LINQPad uses this technique to speed up the creation of new queries. ...