Traditionally, programming languages have been classified based on the paradigms on which they’re based:

Image Imperative programming languages use statements to modify the state of a program. Those languages are very machine-oriented and reflect how the underlying hardware works, hence giving developers low-level control over the system. Writing software following this paradigm is about stating “how” execution needs to happen, not just about “what” the problem is that needs to be solved. The earliest imperative programming language was FORTRAN, and popular descendants include COBOL, BASIC, Pascal, and C.

Procedural programming extends ...

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