Every software developer should have heard about Moore’s law:
The complexity for minimum component costs has increased at a rate of roughly a factor of two per year. Certainly over the short term this rate can be expected to continue, if not to increase. Over the longer term, the rate of increase is a bit more uncertain, although there is no reason to believe it will not remain nearly constant for at least 10 years. That means by 1975, the number of components per integrated circuit for minimum cost will be 65,000. I believe that such a large circuit can be built on a single wafer.
Gordon Moore, Electronics, Volume 38 (April 1965)
All the way back in 1965, Gordon Moore (cofounder of Intel) formulated his empirical ...