Compound Assignment

Beside simple assignment, the language also supports compound assignment. This form of assignment allows the use of a binary operator to be combined with assignment at one time and has the following general form (where op stands for a binary operator):

x op= y

In the simplest case, it’s the equivalent to the more verbose form:

x = x op y

The reason I’m saying this is the simplest case is because rules exist that permit a conversion to take place before assigning the result to x. Here are a few examples to illustrate the use of compound assignments of various sorts:

int a = 42;a += 6; // a = 48a /= 8; // a = 6char c = 'z';c -= (char)2; // c = 'x'

Notice the explicit conversion of the integer literal 2 to a char on the last ...

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