1.7 Programming Languages

In this section, we provide brief comments on several popular programming languages (Fig. 1.5).

Fig. 1.5 Some other programming languages.

Programming language Description
Fortran Fortran (FORmula TRANslator) was developed by IBM Corporation in the mid-1950s to be used for scientific and engineering applications that require complex mathematical computations. It’s still widely used and its latest versions support object-oriented programming.
COBOL COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language) was developed in the late 1950s by computer manufacturers, the U.S. government and industrial computer users, based on a language developed by Grace Hopper, a career U.S. Navy officer and computer scientist. COBOL is still ...

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