We introduced the
if single-selection statement briefly in Section 2.7. Programs use selection statements to choose among alternative courses of action. For example, suppose that the passing grade on an exam is 60. The pseudocode statement
If student’s grade is greater than or equal to 60 Print “Passed”
if statement that determines whether the condition “student’s grade is greater than or equal to 60” is true. If so, “Passed” is printed, and the next pseudocode statement in order is “performed.” (Remember, pseudocode is not a real programming language.) If the condition is false, the Print statement is ignored, and the next pseudocode statement in order is performed. The indentation of the second ...