Multibranch if-else Statements

Notice how the value of balance in Listing 8.2 determines which of the five different print statements the program will execute. Letting the value of a variable determine which statement (or compound statement) to execute of several possible alternatives is so commonplace in the programming world that a standardized system has been devised for writing the nested if-else structures used to implement this functionality. The resulting structures are called multibranch if-else statements.

Let's have a look at how we can turn Listing 8.2 into this standard style. We start by changing the flowchart of Figure 8.10 to form a new flowchart that yields the same results but follows a couple of standard conventions:

  • Only the ...

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