C's basic types fall into two categories: integers and floating-point numbers. The different varieties give you choices for range and precision.
The basic data types are set up using the following eight keywords: int, long, short, unsigned, char, float, double, and signed (ANSI C).
Signed integers can have positive or negative values.
|int is the basic integer type for a given system.|
|long or long int can hold an integer at least as large as the largest int and possibly larger; long is at least 32 bits.|
|The largest short or short int integer is no larger than the largest int, and may be smaller. A short is at least 16 bits. Typically, long is bigger ...|