Appendix E. Overview of IEEE 1394 and USB Networking

In 1986, Apple Computer conceived and developed a computer-to-computer and computer-to-peripheral interface system to transmit large volumes of data between devices very, very quickly. Apple turned the interface over to IEEE (the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) in 1990 to develop as a multimedia serial-bus standard. Now correctly called IEEE 1394, or just 1394, the system is also marketed under the trade names FireWire by Apple and i.LINK by Sony. The names are used interchangeably because the technology and functionality are identical. IEEE 1394 can be either a small network, a connecting interface for peripheral devices, or a combination of both.

USB, which stands for Universal ...

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