Chapter 3. OSPF Theory and Operation
Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Protocol is a widely used advanced link-state routing protocol. This chapter provides a high-level overview of the theory and operation of OSPF.
OSPF forms neighbor relationships for two primary reasons:
• To discover links along which traffic may be forwarded in the network (edges in the shortest-path tree)
• To provide for the reliable transmission of routing information through the network
OSPF uses a three-way handshake process to form neighbor relationships, as shown in Figure 3-1.
OSPF will not form a neighbor relationship ...