Building the LSDB and Creating IP Routes
Link-state protocols build IP routes with a couple of major steps. First, the routers together build a lot of information about the network: routers, links, IP address, status information, and so on. Then the routers flood the information, so all routers know the same information. At that point, each router can calculate routes to all subnets, but from each router’s own perspective.
Topology Information and LSAs
Routers using link-state routing protocols need to collectively advertise practically every detail about the internetwork to all the other routers. At the end of the process of flooding the information to all routers, every router in the internetwork has the exact same information about the internetwork. ...