When Do We Use NAT?
NAT is similar to Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) in that the original intention for NAT was to slow the depletion of available IP address space by allowing many private IP addresses to be represented by some smaller number of public IP addresses.
Since then, it’s been discovered that NAT is also a useful tool for network migrations and mergers, server load sharing, and creating “virtual servers.” So in this chapter, I’m going to describe the basics of NAT functionality and the terminology common to NAT.
At times, NAT really decreases the overwhelming amount of public IP addresses required in your networking environment. And NAT comes in really handy when two companies that have duplicate internal addressing schemes ...