File-Level Protocols

File-oriented protocols (also known as file-level protocols) read and write variable-length files. Files are segmented into blocks before being stored on disk or tape. Common Internet File System (CIFS) and Network File System (NFS) are file-based protocols that are used for reading and writing files across a network. CIFS is found primarily on Microsoft Windows servers (a Samba service implements CIFS on UNIX systems), and NFS is found primarily on UNIX and Linux servers.

The theory of client/server architecture is based on the concept that one computer has the resources that another computer requires. These resources can be made available through NFS. The system with the resources is called the server, and the system that ...

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