N = Network bitsH = Host bitsAll 0s in host portion = Network or subnetwork addressAll 1s in host portion = Broadcast addressCombination of 1s and 0s in host portion = Valid host address
In any given octet of an IP address, the 8 bits can be defined as follows:
To convert a decimal number into binary, you must turn on the bits (make them a 1) that would add up to that number, as follows:
187 = 10111011 = 128+32+16+8+2+1
224 = 11100000 = 128+64+32
To convert ...