Basic Internet Protocol

IP is a term widely used in today's networking world to describe a Network layer protocol that logically defines a distinct host or end systems such as a PC or router with an IP address.

An IP address is configured on end systems to allow communication between hosts that are geographically dispersed. An IP address is 32 bits in length with the network mask or subnet mask (also 32 bits in length) defining the host and subnet portion. A subnet is a network that you, as network administrator, segment to allow a hierarchical routing topology. Routing allows communication between these subnets. The host address is a logical unique address that resides on a subnet.

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standards body, which ...

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