2

Dimensional Analysis and Scale-Up

Today’s scientists have substituted mathematics for experiments, and they wander off through equation after equation, and eventually build a structure which has no relation to reality.”

—Nikola Tesla, 1856–1943, Inventor

I.    INTRODUCTION

In this chapter, we consider various aspects of dimensions and units and the different systems in use for describing these quantities. In particular, the distinction between scientific and engineering systems of dimensions is explained, and the various metric and English* units used in each system are discussed. It is important that the engineer be familiar with both English and metric systems, as they are all in common use in various fields of engineering and will continue ...

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