124 Chapter 5: Introduction to the Modular QoS Command-Line Interface
The simplicity of configuration is made possible through the use of a common configu-
ration structure for all QoS components within the MQC. That is, the basic configuration
steps for configuring all QoS mechanisms is the same, with only small variations in the
configuration that are specific to the actual mechanism. You can configure all the mecha-
nisms through a three-step process:
Step 1 Class map configuration
Step 2 Policy map configuration
Step 3 Service policy application
This chapter describes each step in the configuration process, as well as the configuration
options, and also provides examples of MQC commands.
Step 1: The Class Map
The first step for configuring any QoS mechanism in the MQC is the configuration of a
class-map. Simply stated, the class map defines which traffic you want the router to match.
This is the fundamental step that allows the router to differentiate one traffic type from
another. This is traffic classification, and without classification there can be no QoS.
To differentiate traffic, it is possible to match on one traffic characteristic or multiple
characteristics. If you need to differentiate between traffic from and traffic from, for example, the source IP address is the only characteristic that you need to
configure. If you have multiple traffic streams from and need to differentiate
between those, however, as well as differentiate between multiple streams from,
you probably need to classify traffic based on multiple criteria, such as TCP or UDP port.
A possible scenario in which this would come into play might be server that serves
production HTTP and FTP to the Accounting department, and server that serves
nonproduction HTTP and FTP to the IT group that develops applications for the
Accounting department. Understanding that production traffic is the top priority, the devel-
opment group needs their traffic to have a minimum bandwidth guarantee to enable that
group to properly test a new HTTP application before delivering it to the Accounting
department for production use. This means that there will be QoS requirements for all
traffic from and some traffic from As such, just matching by IP address
does not suffice. In this case, there is a requirement to match on multiple characteristics.
Configuring the Class Map
When matching on multiple characteristics, two options exist for creating the class map:
match-any and match-all, as demonstrated in Example 5-1.
Example 5-1 Class Map Options
R1(config)# class-map ?
WORD class-map name
match-all Logical-AND all matching statements under this classmap
match-any Logical-OR all matching statements under this classmap

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