Changing the Number of VTYs

Problem

You want to increase or decrease the number of users who can Telnet to the router simultaneously.

Solution

If you want to increase the number of VTY ports available on the router for remote access, create a reference to the additional lines in the configuration as follows:

Router1#configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router1(config)#line vty 0 9
Router1(config-line)#exit
Router1(config)#end
Router1#

This command defines the characteristics for a range of VTY ports from 0 to 9. Since ports 0 to 4 exist by default, this has the effect of creating ports 5 through 9.

Discussion

By default, most Cisco routers provide five virtual terminals (VTYs) for remote access. Often the default number of VTYs is not sufficient and increasing the number can be quite useful. This is particularly true in lab or training environments that require a large number of concurrent sessions on a particular router. In addition, organizations that disable exec-timeouts, as in Recipe 3.9, often require a larger number of VTYs to prevent locking administrators out of their routers.

The router can support up to 181 virtual terminals. However, it is extremely rare to actually need more than about 20. Keep in mind that additional virtual terminals will utilize system resources, so don’t go over board. You must explicitly configure all of the new VTY lines with passwords, access-classes, exec-timeouts, transport protocols, and so forth.

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