Cisco routers use routing tables to maintain the information required for them to direct the packets they receive to the proper destination. These routes are categorized as follows:
- Network routes (routes that identify the location of entire subnets of hosts)
- Host routes (routes that identify the location of a single host)
- Directly connected routes (routes to which the router is directly connected via an interface address in the same subnet)
- Default routes (routes to which all traffic that does not have an existing route in the table is sent)
Regardless of the type of routes present in the table, the routes must be placed into the routing table (except for directly connected routes, which automatically ...