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Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges by E. Paoletti, G Wieser, J-P. Tuovinen, T.N. Mikkelsen, P. Cudlin, N Clarke, Rainer Matyssek

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Chapter 3

Nutrients or Pollutants? Nitrogen Deposition to European Forests

Werner Eugster1 and Matthias Haeni,    Department of Environmental Systems Science, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland,    1Corresponding author: e-mail: eugsterw@ethz.ch

Abstract

Forests take up gaseous, liquid and particulate substances that are present in the air. Although considered nutrients on the one hand, nitrogen inputs exceeding the critical load that can be absorbed by an ecosystem act as pollutants. This chapter outlines the effects of N deposition to forest ecosystems and discusses recent progress that has been made to more accurately quantify dry deposition, which at many a forest location in Europe is larger than wet and ...

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