The reason that the answer we arrived at using Bayes theorem and the actual result differ slightly is that by using Bayes rule we made an assumption when calculating that the probability of being male, and the probability of being in third class, are independent. In the next section, we'll use Bayes theorem to produce a naive Bayes classifier.

The reason this algorithm is called naive is because it assumes all variables are independent. We know this is often not the case, and there are interaction effects between variables. For example, we might know that combinations of parameters make a certain class very much more ...

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