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Cloudera Administration Handbook by Rohit Menon

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Exploring HDFS commands

To perform filesystem related tasks, the commands begin with hdfs dfs. The filesystem commands have been designed to behave similarly to the corresponding Unix/Linux filesystem commands.

What is a URI? URI stands for Uniform Resource Identifier. In the commands that are listed as follows, you will observe the use of URI for file locations. The URI syntax to access a file in HDFS is hdfs://namenodehost/parent/child/<file>.

Commonly used HDFS commands

The following are some of the most commonly used HDFS commands:

  • ls: This command lists files in HDFS.

    The syntax of the ls command is hdfs dfs -ls <args>. The following is the screenshot showing an example of the ls command:

  • cat: This command displays the contents of file/files in ...

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