Appendix A. COBOL Character Set and Reserved Words

See the COBOL Syntax Reference Guide that accompanies this book for full Instruction Formats.

COBOL CHARACTERS

The following lists are in ascending order:

 

EBCDIC

 

ASCII

.

<

(

+

$

*

)

;

-

/

,

>

'

=

"

a–z

A–Z

0–9

space

period, decimal point

less than

left parenthesis

plus symbol

dollar sign

asterisk, multiplication

right parenthesis

semicolon

hyphen, minus sign

slash, division

comma

greater than

single quotation mark

equal sign

quotation mark

lowercase letters

uppercase letters

digits

"

$

'

(

)

*

+

,

-

.

/

0–9

;

<

=

>

A–Z

a–z

space

quotation mark

dollar sign

single quotation mark

left parenthesis

right parenthesis

asterisk, multiplication

plus symbol

comma

hyphen, minus sign

period, decimal point

slash, division

digits

semicolon

less than

equal sign

greater than

uppercase letters

lowercase letters

COBOL RESERVED WORDS

Each COBOL compiler has a list of reserved words that:

  1. Includes all entries in the ANS COBOL standard.

  2. Includes additional entries not part of the standard but that are either VAX or IBM compiler extensions. These are called enhancements.

You may find that your computer has additional reserved words. Diagnostic messages will print if you are using a reserved word incorrectly.

Reserved words that are not relevant for COBOL 74 are denoted with a single asterisk (*). COBOL 74 reserved words that are not reserved in the new standard are denoted with a double asterisk (**). Words marked with a (V) are VAX COBOL 85 extensions. Words ...

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