XML Arrives on the Scene

By 1996, it was obvious that HTML had too many limitations to make it the language of the machine web, a web where computers could communicate with each other in an open and cross-platform fashion. The companies that wrote browsers also began to extend HTML so that they could exploit the advantages of their own offerings without having to rely on a committee to standardize the rapidly changing format. Therefore, in 1996, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) started a project to define a new technology that would move the web into the machine web age. (The W3C is a neutral forum formed by Tim Berners Lee, where companies meet to discuss how the web should progress and define new protocols or technologies that enable this.) ...

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