CHAPTER 4

ENCOURAGEMENT THROUGH “CARROTS” AND “STICKS”

Habitat Conservation Planning and the Endangered Species Act

This chapter and the next one explore the role of government as an institution at a programmatic level in collaborative efforts. In this chapter, a governmental institution, the Endangered Species Act (ESA), plays an important role in encouraging collaboration. Rather than simply being one of many laws that can stymie public agencies and private actors in court, thereby creating problems in local communities, the ESA authorized a proactive program for habitat conservation planning that created a venue for collaboration among a wide range of stakeholders. Public and private actors participate in this federal program to avoid the ...

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