Chapter 1

Introduction

Abstract

We introduce the subject of automating commonsense reasoning. The key issues of commonsense reasoning include: representation; objects, properties, events, and time; object identity; reasoning; effects of events; context-sensitive events; nondeterministic effects; concurrent events; space; indirect effects; preconditions; the commonsense law of inertia; delayed effects; continuous change; release from the commonsense law of inertia; triggered events; default reasoning; mental states; and reasoning types. Any method for automated commonsense reasoning must address representation, commonsense entities, commonsense domains, commonsense phenomena, and reasoning. We give a brief history of commonsense reasoning. ...

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