## ChapterÂ 6.Â Mean and Median

â...like a statistician who drowned in a lake of average depth six inches.â

âAnonymous

Try to think of a time when you listened to a presentation about data that didnât include either an average or a median value. Theyâre almost as common as percentages. Whether weâre tracking home prices, the stock market, student test scores, or the price of gasoline, we come face to face with the notion of central tendency on a regular basis.

Why are they so commonly used? As humans, we have a hard time processing a simple list of more than a half dozen values, let alone reams and reams of raw data. The attractiveness of these measures of central tendency is that they condense a lot of data into digestible morsels that carry with them the notion of âtypical.â

As useful as these statistics can be to communicate data, they need to be handled with care. In this chapter, weâll see how they can be put to good use, but weâll also see how they can mislead.

The three main measures of central tendency are mean, median, and mode. Letâs start with their definitions:

• The mean (or average) is determined by summing all of the values in a data set and dividing by the number of values. The mean is considered a ârepresentative value,â meaning if you replaced each value in the data set with the mean, the overall sum wouldnât change.

• The median is the middle value in a data set in which the values have been placed in order of magnitude. Thus, half the values in ...

Get Communicating Data with Tableau now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.