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Communication Networks Economy by Daniel Battu

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Appendix 1GNP, GNI and GDP

Gross national product (GNP): is an economic indicator, devised in the 1930s, which corresponds to the wealth produced by a country’s inhabitants and expatriates over the course of a year. It allows the wealth produced by a country to be measured. To make this assessment, the GNP takes into account the value of the goods and services created and subtracts the value of goods and services lost or altered during the production stage. In contrast to gross domestic product (GDP), which measures the wealth produced by all operators and persons residing in a specific territory, the GNP is calculated on the basis of a country’s citizens, regardless of their place of residence. However, this indicator has not been used in French accounting since 1993 and has been replaced by the gross national income (GNI).

Gross national income (GNI): corresponds to the total income (salaries and financial revenue), as understood by national economic operators. The GNI is the sum of the GDP and the balance of the major revenue streams from the rest of the world.

Gross domestic product (GDP): is an economic indicator that aims to quantify the total value of wealth (goods and services) created by economic operators within a given territory (households, businesses, public administrations). The annual variation in the GDP reflects the rate of economic growth. The GDP is a monetary flow that can be calculated by combining the value added by all players involved in production (including ...

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