Bolted joints in glass reinforced aluminium (Glare) and other hybrid fibre metal laminates (FML)
C.D. Rans, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Fibre metal laminates (FMLs) are a family of hybrid metallic–polymer matrix composite materials with superior fatigue and damage tolerance behaviour. Although technically a composite material, they share many behaviour features more in common with their metallic constituents. This chapter introduces the FML material concept and discusses the static and fatigue design considerations needed in the design of bolted FML joints.
fibre metal laminates
Fibre metal laminates (FMLs) are a family of hybrid laminates consisting of alternating ...