Chapter 10

Explain the Purpose of Common Internal Computer Components

What’s inside the box? Whether you use a desktop computer, laptop computer, tablet, or smartphone, what’s inside the box has a big impact on how fast your device is, how much it can store, and what it can do. In this chapter, you learn about IT Fundamentals+ Objective 2.3: Explain the purpose of common internal computing components. Component categories include the motherboard (system board), firmware (BIOS), CPU (processor), GPU (graphics processor), storage, cooling, and NIC (network adapter).

Foundation Topics

Motherboard/System Board

The motherboard (system board or mainboard) is the foundation of the computer. Motherboards connect the CPU, memory, storage devices, and ...

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