EUROPEAN GRADUATE WORK IN INFORMATION ASSURANCE AND THE BOLOGNA DECLARATION1
Urs E. Gattiker
A fundamental fact in computer, information, and network security2 is the impossibility of 100 percent assurance that a computer system is trusted.3 How education can help in achieving the required level of trust considering various stakeholders (e.g., society, consumers, shareholders, and suppliers) is open to discussion. Some have suggested that certification is the answer; others support the notion that information assurance programs can fill the gap. In the latter case, advocates also hope that such programs will provide nations with the professionals required to reduce risks of possible disasters while ...