From the earliest days of rock & roll touring, conventional the-atrical lighting luminaires were a problem. It was not that they could not, from a design standpoint, do the job of giving a theatrical look to the stage, but they were not designed to take the kind of punishment of being loading in and out on a daily basis and trucked to another location all within 24 hours. Yes, theatre bus and truck companies predate the concert era, but they were traveling with the luminaires boxed up in crates and reconnected to a house pipe and circuited at each new theatre, often with weeks between moves. For this new type of touring, though, you could count on broken lenses, handles falling off, and lamps loose or ...

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