Contextual Embeddedness of Women's Entrepreneurship

Book description

Contextual Embeddedness of Women’s Entrepreneurship brings together a range of research that provides powerful insights into the influences and restraints within a diverse set of gendered contexts including social, political, institutional, religious, patriarchal, cultural, family, and economic, in which female entrepreneurs around the world operate their businesses. In doing so, the contributing authors demonstrate not only the importance of studying the contexts in how they shape women’s entrepreneurial activities, but also how female entrepreneurs through their endeavours modify these contexts.

Collectively, the edited collection’s studies make a substantial contribution to the contextual embeddedness of women’s entrepreneurial activity, provide numerous insights, and provoke fruitful directions for future research on the important role of the contexts in which women’s entrepreneurial activities take place.

This innovative and wide-ranging research anthology seeks to reframe and redirect research on gender and entrepreneurship and will appeal to all those interested in learning more about female entrepreneurship.

Table of contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents
  6. About the editors
  7. About the contributors
  8. Introduction
  9. SECTION 1Religious embeddedness of women entrepreneurship in the Islamic context
    1. 1 Behind the green line: an examination of female entrepreneurial activity in the Muslim world
      1. The Islamic context
      2. Different implementations of Islam
      3. Islam, women and entrepreneurship
      4. Islam and female entrepreneurship
      5. Female entrepreneurship and secularism
      6. Female entrepreneurship in Turkey
      7. Methods
      8. Analyses and results
      9. Discussion
      10. Limitations and direction for future research
    2. 2 If policy (half-heartedly) says ‘yes’, but patriarchy says ‘no’: how the gendered institutional context in Pakistan restricts women entrepreneurship
      1. Gender gap in entrepreneurship
      2. Institutional theory as theoretical perspective
      3. Critical analysis of the institutional environment in Pakistan
      4. The emergence of gender-aware policy-making
      5. Informal institutions and the role of patriarchy
      6. Discussion
      7. Possible ways forward
      8. Conclusion
    3. 3 Gendered expectations and ideologies of patriarchy: contextualizing Arab women’s entrepreneurial leadership
      1. Definitions of entrepreneurial leadership
      2. Lebanon in the light of institutional theory
      3. Methodology
      4. Findings and discussion
      5. Concluding remarks
    4. 4 ‘Pleasing the father’: the impact of the political leader in shaping women’s entrepreneurship in Oman
      1. Introduction
      2. Women’s entrepreneurship
      3. Theoretical framework
      4. Multi-level relational framework
      5. Research context
      6. Methodology
      7. Findings
      8. Discussion
      9. Conclusion
    5. 5 Leveraging micro-level support factors to overcome macro-level challenges: Palestinian and Saudi Arabian female entrepreneurs
      1. The Palestinian and Saudi Arabian context
      2. Methodology
      3. Findings
      4. Discussion and implications
      5. Conclusion
    6. 6 Women’s entrepreneurship in Turkey: promising initiatives and evidence for success in the face of culturally embedded barriers
      1. The institutional context of women entrepreneurship in Turkey
      2. Key drivers and success factors for women’s entrepreneurship in Turkey
      3. Research methodology
      4. Discussion
  10. SECTION 2Gendered embeddedness of women’s entrepreneurial activity in the entrepreneurship ecosystem
    1. 7 Developing gender-responsive trade ecosystems in the Asia-Pacific
      1. Introduction
      2. Positioning the research
      3. Ecosystems
      4. Trade and gender
      5. Internationalization of women-led SME
      6. Methodology
      7. Survey findings
      8. Gender-responsive trade practices framework
      9. Discussion
      10. Future directions
    2. 8 Gender embeddedness in patriarchal contexts undergoing institutional change: evidence from Nepal
      1. (Women) Entrepreneurship and the institutional environment
      2. The social context in Nepal
      3. The formal institutional environment for (women) entrepreneurship development in Nepal
      4. Gendered institutions and women’s entrepreneurship – Empirical evidence
      5. Conclusions
    3. 9 Opportunity creation for female entrepreneurs in the Welsh and Turkish entrepreneurial ecosystem: a social capital perspective
      1. Women entrepreneurship in Wales and Turkey
      2. Social capital and women entrepreneurship
      3. Method
      4. Findings
      5. Conclusion
    4. 10 Effectuation thinking and the manifestation of socio-cultural complexities in Sri Lankan female entrepreneurs’ business decisions
      1. Effectuation and causation perspectives on entrepreneurship
      2. Country context: Sri Lanka
      3. Findings
      4. Discussion
      5. Implications for research and policy
    5. 11 Cultural factors shaping women entrepreneurship in the Baltic Sea countries
      1. Cultural factors and female entrepreneurship
      2. Method
      3. Findings
      4. Conclusions
    6. 12 The business life-cycle and entrepreneurial ecosystem study of women entrepreneurs in the Polish tourism industry
      1. The context of women entrepreneurs in Poland
      2. Methodology and conceptual framework
      3. Findings
      4. Analysis of the entrepreneurial ecosystem characteristics
      5. Conclusions
    7. 13 Women’s entrepreneurial realities in the Czech Republic and the United States: gender gaps, racial/ethnic disadvantages, and emancipatory potential
      1. Theoretical Framing and study contexts
      2. Methods
      3. Findings I: Motivations for business
      4. Findings II: Business approaches to disadvantage
      5. Discussion and conclusion
    8. 14 Women’s entrepreneurship in Swedish forestry: a matter of adaptation or transformation?
      1. Gender equality policies in the Swedish forestry sector
      2. Gender and the process of modernization
      3. Gender and identity
      4. Gender and entrepreneurship
      5. Concluding discussion
    9. 15 Women’s business survival and the institutionalization of entrepreneurial support in the Malaysian handicraft industry
      1. Women entrepreneurs in the handicraft industry in Malaysia
      2. Development of a conceptual framework for the survival of women’s businesses
      3. Business survival
      4. Construct: business factors
      5. Construct: The individual
      6. Construct: The culture
      7. Construct: GESPs
      8. Construct: gender
      9. Conclusion
    10. 16 Developing an understanding of entrepreneurship intertwined with motherhood: a career narrative of British Mumpreneurs
      1. Exploring mumpreneurship amidst institutional domain
      2. Moving forward
    11. 17 An interdisciplinary framework to deconstruct second-generation gender bias
      1. The gender-neutral paradox
      2. Women entrepreneurs negotiating term sheets for equity funding
      3. Social psychology, gender bias and negotiation
      4. Labour market economics and gender bias
      5. Contributions from law to second-generation gender bias
      6. Conclusion
    12. 18 Entrepreneurial passion and social entrepreneurial self-efficacy among Spanish and Moroccan young females
      1. Women and social entrepreneurship in the contexts of Spain and Morocco
      2. Conceptual development
      3. Methodology
      4. Results
      5. Discussion and conclusions
  11. SECTION 3Moving forward
    1. 19 The lean scientific canvas method: a proposal to foster women’s entrepreneurship in Mexico
      1. A brief approach on the scientific method
      2. The lean canvas methodology
      3. The lean scientific canvas method
      4. Conclusion
    2. 20 Beyond the gender-neutral approach: gender and entrepreneurship as an intertwined social practice
      1. A practice-based approach to gender and entrepreneurship
      2. Authoring as a material-discursive practice
      3. Gendering and entrepreneuring in the succession process
      4. Conclusion
  12. Index

Product information

  • Title: Contextual Embeddedness of Women's Entrepreneurship
  • Author(s): Shumaila Y. Yousafzi, Adam Lindgreen, Saadat Saeed, Colette Henry
  • Release date: March 2018
  • Publisher(s): Routledge
  • ISBN: 9781317160205