Chapter 10

Control of Piezoelectric Actuators 1

10.1. Introduction

10.1.1. Traveling wave ultrasonic motors: technology and usage

Traveling wave ultrasonic motors make use of the mechanical vibration of a stator to drive – by friction – a rotor, strongly, which is held against the stator [SAS 93]. The vibration is obtained by the excitation of small piezoelectric elements which deform under the action of a transverse electric field. Figure 10.1 shows a diagram of the piezoelectric motor on which the deformations of the stator are exaggerated.

Figure 10.1. Principle of functioning of a traveling wave ultrasonic motor

Figure 10.1

Traveling wave piezoelectric motors are considered to be 2-phase motors which are supplied with two alternating sinusoidal voltages and are referred to as v_alpha.gif and v_beta.gif. Under the inverse piezoelectric effect, the electric field generates in the exciters’ deformations; for each voltage considered independently, a standing deformation wave is established which is combined with the other to propagate a traveling wave. It is this traveling wave which seems to rotate around the axis of the motor that allows the generation of torque.

Thus, contrary to electromagnetic motors, the ...

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