Power Quality Issues in Traction Power Systems
There are serious power quality issues in traction power systems, including negative-sequence currents, current harmonics and low power factor, in addition to voltage harmonics. In this chapter, these issues are dealt with. A topology for traction power systems with a single feeding wire is implemented with a three-phase V/V transformer and a three-phase converter. Compared to the traditional scheme with two feeding wires (in two phases) with three-phase V/V transformers, this topology improves the system reliability and has the potential for the traction of high-speed trains. Compared to the co-phase system proposed in the literature, this topology adopts a simple normal transformer instead of a complicated YNvd transformer and a three-phase converter instead of a back-to-back single-phase converter, which saves one converter leg. A strategy is then presented to control the three-phase converter so that all harmonic, negative-sequence and reactive currents generated by the non-linear single-phase load of locomotives are compensated. As a result, only balanced real power is drawn from the grid. Simulation results are provided to illustrate the performance of the system.
In recent years, high-speed electrified trains have been rapidly developed all over the world and this is the future trend for railway transport. But for traditional traction power systems, there are some power quality problems such as low power ...