The functions in this section offer most of the common mathematical operations that are part of arithmetic, geometry, and trigonometry. Most of these functions work on either doubles or integers. The return type will be the same as the argument. Unless a specific type is called for, I've written “number” to indicate that either an integer or a double is expected.
The abs function (Listing 13.1) returns the absolute value of a number. This is the number itself if it's positive or the number multiplied by negative one (–1) if negative.
<?php //prints 13 print(abs(-13)); ?>
The acos function (Listing 13.2) returns the arc cosine of the value argument. Trying ...