Determining Present and Future Values: Time Is Money
In This Chapter
Understanding what influences the value of money
Determining present value
Estimating future value
Money has a tendency to change in value over time. I’m not talking about the amount of money you have but rather the value. In other words, a constant quantity of money tends to be worth less as you hold onto it for longer periods of time. The two primary causes for this decrease in value are inflation and interest rates. A number of variables influence both inflation rates and interest rates, indirectly affecting the changes in value over time, but these two forces are the most direct causes, so they’re the ones you want to pay attention to the most.
Both inflation and interest rates, in their ability to change the value of money over time, play a very important role in how corporations manage their liquid assets and their investments. Therefore, to have even a basic understanding of corporate finance, you must understand what the time value of money is and how it influences corporations. Fortunately for you, this chapter is here to help! In it, I describe how and why money loses value over time, how this ...